Skin Care

3 Conditions That Affect the Scalp

If you’re like most people, you typically do not give much thought to what goes on at the top of your head. Only when a problem arises do you give much thought to your scalp.

Unfortunately, there are a number of conditions that can affect the skin of your scalp and cause annoying and sometimes embarrassing symptoms, such as irritation and itching. However, the good news is that a Denver dermatology clinic may be able to help you in resolving the condition.

1. Folliculitis

The root of each hair is contained inside a sac called a follicle. When the follicles become irritated or inflamed, it can result in folliculitis. Telltale signs are small pimples filled with pus. Wearing certain types of clothing or make-up can irritate the follicles, as can soaking in a hot tub or shaving excessively. Sometimes a bacterial infection is the culprit, in which case a course of antibiotics may be necessary for treatment.

2. Ringworm

Don’t let the name fool you; ringworm is actually caused by a fungus. Though it can affect people of any age, it most often occurs in children. Rarely, contact with an infected cat or dog can spread ringworm, but it is more often contracted by sharing personal items such as towels, combs, and hats. Ringworm treatment involves antifungal medication.

3. Seborrheic Dermatitis

This condition can occur at any age. In infants, it is called cradle cap. In adults, it is the most common cause of dandruff. This condition sounds a lot scarier than it is. Symptoms are usually mild and do not disrupt activities of daily living. In more serious cases, it can cause the formation of crusty scales, redness, and itchiness. If the condition becomes unmanageable or disruptive, a doctor may prescribe medication or recommend special shampoo.

Other potential causes of scalp conditions include parasites, autoimmune disorders, and possibly viral infection. Once the condition has resolved or is better managed, the symptoms will likely subside.